Rosacea

Presentation

Rosacea is a chronic relapsing disorder with intermittent or persistent facial flushing, telangiectasia and pustules, in the absence of comedones. Rosacea can also cause ocular symptoms such as  dry gritty eyes.

 

Rhinophyma

Less commonly, rosacea can develop Rhinophyma where the shape and size of the nose changes

Management

General Advice

  • Give patient information sheet
  • Advise about oil-free products
  • Advise on UV protection
  • Cosmetic camouflage may be helpful for flushing, erythema and telanglectasia which will not respond to topical or oral antibiotics
  • Avoid exacerbating factors: spicy foods, alcohol, hot drinks, caffeine, temperature changes, sun exposure

Topical Therapy

  • Use topical agents for 2-3 months then intermittently as required
  • Metronidazole gel or cream od
  • Azelaic acid 15% gel or 20% cream od
  • Ivermectin cream 10mg/g od
  • Brimonidine 0.33% gel for temporary improvement of erythema as required od

Systemic therapy

  • 2-3 months courses required intermittently
  • Lymecycline 408mg od
  • Doxycline 200mg od
  • Erythromycin 500mg bd
Referral

Dermatology Referral Criteria

  • Severe or unresponsive disease

Consider  referral to Plastic Surgery

  • Rhinophyma
  • Severe telangiectasia

Consider  referral to Ophthalmology or Optometry

  • Eye symptoms or presence of keratitis
Therapeutic Tips
  • If no improvement after 3 months switch to alternative antibiotic
  • Intermittent or continuous antibiotics may be required
Patient Information